AUTONOMOUS STATE UNIVERSITY MORELOS SCHOOL OF NURSING – TRADITIONAL MEDICINE THESIS
AUTONOMOUS STATE UNIVERSITY MORELOS
SCHOOL OF NURSING
TRADITIONAL MEDICINE – AGREEMENT WITH ACADEMIC Tlahui
EST.LIC.ENF.PERALTA MARIANA NAVA
7 th Semester
DR.ROJAS MARIO ALBA
Cuernavaca Morelos, OCTOBER 6, 2008
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It is said that iridology is a “science” unknown and rarely studied, part
of alternative medicine based on the diagnosis of disease by observing the
iris reflects these changes occur, such as shape, color and other features.
That is why the concern is born this work, to clarify doubts and fears about
the subject. This research copila most of the information found, clarifying
that being a little-studied bibliographic unfounded, is why it is
conducts an interview, trying to clarify most of the questions, and observing
images by the procedure to be performed by the iridologist.
In the Mexican community little has been heard about iridology (rather than the
means naturists), most people know the subject, or to ask,
require to be referred to explain the word, but it is important to note that most
part of the population is centered in traditional medicine based on herbs, adults
transmit more knowledge about plants, but not on other issues such as
iridology, it is easy to say that it is a new science, but it is known that
way due to lack of study or sustained information, and is mainly
unknown to most people.
There are different ways of naming eyes, some people are describing as the mirror
the soul, a window or door into the person, a means of communication, a way
to express feelings, fears, anxieties, joys, anger, or simply a part of
essential body but the eyes are of vital importance to every individual and differs
approach that gives each.
Iridology involves the study of the iris, and of course each of the features that
component, such as color, shape and some alterations present, this reading is
performed in order to determine disease of the person, who is subjected to an analysis
detailed by the expert on the subject.
This science is not related to medicine now, based on drugs manufactured
laboratory or sophisticated equipment, it is simply an analysis or a
interpretation of the structures of the iris, in order to detect or prevent diseases existing
future.Iridology is a word that is unknown to many, for other
represents something of the past and some do not give more importance because of the deficit should
The iris is part of the eyes, comprising tiny structures, which when
studies allow us to know different pathologies, and you can see the functional status and health
The study of the iris is an experimental science based on observation of the iris with a magnifying glass
and a built-in light, leaving aside a graph to locate the lesion, it
procedure has limitations in determining some aspects, but although it must be
understand that there is a medicine that does not heal and it is simply a method that allows
identification of some diseases, as a prevention method.
That is why we say that the diagnosis using the iris, is based on that any alteration
the organism, which arrives and is recorded by nervous reflex pathway, because the iris containing a large
number of tiny nerve filaments, which are impressions of the entire nervous system
Iridology is to natural medicine, a kind of pathological record, where you can
ascertained the constitution and strength of body, congenital weakness, the parts
predisposed to the disease, the ailment that is suffered and the origin of the various symptoms
form the clinical picture, that from the color anomalies, stains, pits and
Each iris has reliefs.But while we should clarify that scientific medicine, unlike
the natural rejects claims of iridology and labeled as a pseudoscience or
charlatanism, without knowing beyond what science dictates.
The iris is like a fingerprint, that is, each individual has a unique iris and it
find all the information from our neurological, chemical, organic and structural.The
proper examination and diagnosis of the iris of the eye, performed by trained professionals, is one of
the most efficient, reliable, harmless and inexpensive to detect deficiencies
organic because of the close connection of the iris with its nerve centers.
Iridology is an ancient science recently updated through research
scientific and medical, other countries, not in Mexico.The importance of this issue begins with the
Egyptians to whom the eye and vision were important because they were part of the
characteristics of the soul.Were set mainly in the changes occurring in the
iris color, and although not mentioned areas, and we talked about it with their hieroglyphics.
But even with the above background, the discovery of iridology is attributed to
Hungarian physician Ignatz von Peczely, born in 1826, who at the age of 10 years in an attempt
to capture an owl, broke his leg, and was at that time he was seen as
the eye of the owl appeared to change, and thus began to think that the changes
manifested in the body so did the eye, and from that experience, continued
research and not only created the first topography (interpretation) about 1850, but
feel the concepts of what would be a new science, iridodiagnosis, and defines iridology
as “the science that reveals the functional disorders of the human body, disturbances
iridial tissue, concentric circles, dimming, puffs and discoloration of the iris of the eye. “
To Peczely, iris works like a radar that detects true disease and notes
by nerve filaments, muscle fibers and tiny blood vessels in the form of
signs, markings and colors.Iridology has been evolving and adding more data,
manner as to expand so that, at this time there are a large number of
data and examples that show what is already in the beginning Ignaz von Peczely observed in the
Dr. Schlegel, a disciple of Peczely published two books on the diagnosis of
diseases by the iris and from that time took the position as a science iridology
reflexological proven, then the homeopath and Prof. Niels Liljequist Swedish cleric devoted his
iridology life and improved topographical drawings designed the Dr. Peczely.In the
same time, the perfecter and main promoter of homeopathy, Dr. Samuel Hahnemann,
eye tissue associated with the state of the body’s organs.At that time Dr. Peter
Johannes Thiel perfected, so highlight the whole theory and practice of iridology, being
considered throughout the twentieth century the world’s leading authority in iridology.His works were
translated from German into English by Dr. Fred.W.Collins, of Newark.New Jersey.U.S.
READING OF THE IRIS
The iris is the diagnostic procedure that involves the recognition of pathologies,
obtained by observing the constitution of the iris.To determine the topography of the iris,
must first identify the iris chart, which is a graphical representation of the
iridológicas areas for each organ system or region of the human body.
In the center of the map is the pupil, whose size can vary depending on the degree of expansion
established by the greater or lesser amount of light or by poison or organic defects.
From the pupil can be determined in the iris seven zones, which help determine the
location of the lesion, such as:
A. – Stomach area
2. Area – intestinal
3. – Adrenal glands, heart area, kidneys and pituitary
4. – Bronchial tubes, pineal and pituitary glands
5. – Brain and reproductive organs
6. – Spleen, thyroid and liver
7.-Area of the skin, lymphatic and circulatory system, sweat glands, muscles and nerves
motor and sensory.
Having identified concentric zones, we proceed to study the radial zones.For this
the iris is divided in degrees, minutes and seconds.
Thus, each of the signs irídicos be determined in a longitude and a latitude in
determined and which corresponds to an organ or organ system, then presents the
iridológica graph in order to determine the location of the lesion, respectively, of each eye.
IRIS TOPOGRAPHY: 12 radial sectors
Right eye image, made by hand by the author of this work, taken from the graphs of Dr. Bernard
Left eye image, made by hand by the author of this work, taken from the graphs of Dr. Bernard
After making a thorough observation of the graph, we proceed to identify some
signs to be found in the eye at the time of examination and the significance if
present.Considering that these signs are abnormal iris color,
stains, pits, or reliefs that are present at birth and persist into
death, similar to fingerprints.Some of them are:
SIGNS OR MARKS ON THE IRIS
Closed lesion is a teardrop shape that can occur almost anywhere in the zone of
iris indicates its meaning is hereditary deficiency in the function.
LAGUNA OF THYROID
It is a wider gap at its base is large and indicates impairment or difficulty to store
iodine for healthy function.
LAGUNA CLUSTER OF GRAPES
This mark looks like a small bunch of grapes, often seen in the glandular areas
and its meaning is a change of fibrous tissue of the thyroid gland.
Its meaning is occasionally seen where there is a benign tumor.
It is observed in the heart of any graph left or right, and its meaning is not
necessarily a problem, you can refer to the function.
It is shaped like a grain of wheat that appears to rise in the center, surrounded by white fibers
bias means for developing ulcers, although this mark may be present several years
before the ulcer appears, often seen in the duodenum or stomach.
This mark is a deep lesion closed with great defect of fibers therein, means
cervical polyps in the cervix and genital tract prolapse, uterus and may be
cervix therefore its location will be in genital areas.
This mark is displayed as asparagus, usually located at the bottom of the iris and
means a malignancy of the uterus.
It is a mark of a black line that goes from inside to outside in the digestive area and
stomach, and its base is typically wider than the tip.
+ When white, it is already evolving, or have already operated the person.
This sign is a small black pigment with extensions fine like hairs.Its
meaning indicated cellular changes within a gland.
They are small marks in the form of coral, seen especially in the lung.Its meaning
indicates bronchitis, asthma, or tuberculosis.
This brand are two lines that are two fibers of the iris from forming a kind of cross
crease.Its meaning is chronic irritation.
This mark is given by a fiber which runs counter to the center of the iris fibers.Its
meaning is a change in the area where it appears.
RING OF CHOLESTEROL
This brand is an opaque white ring seen around the outer edge of the iris, you can see
sight often in older people.
This flag iris is a dotted brown ink like there are hundreds of additional pigments
smaller.Its meaning is that the iron pigment shows that the liver does not
Iron stored correctly and may have anemia.
They are like a large lake and next to it a little on each side and its meaning indicates
growth of a tissue or tumor.
It is a mark that looks a lagoon on the other.If significance indicates a deficiency of an organ
or a gland.
Are two separate fibers towards the outer edge of the iris.It is usually seen in areas
of the head.Mean pressure in the head in cases of chronic sinus problems
Ebraridad its way into the periphery of the iris, means the removal of toxins from the outputs
INJURY IN HONEYCOMB
This sign appears hexagonal holes can occur anywhere in the iris.
Means and indicates a genetic degeneration of the organ.Also apart from the toxins in
blood and lymphatic system, skin reaction is poor.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE INJURY WITH WEAK
This tissue is also seen mainly in blue iris, looks like an open weave fiber
and some are in the open and closed, randomly arranged, the patient with this type of
iris are prone to injury, back pain, and tendon injuries.
INJURY OF STAIRS
By ladder, this sign is usually in the cardiac area and its meaning is
Appears as slight depressions or grooves on the surface of the iris, can be circular or half
full white or black, depending on the degree of intoxication.
Presents formations in the form of petals, its significance is the trend in retention of
fluids, swollen skin and glandular affectation suffer, especially in the pancreas so
REVIEW OF THE IRIS
After identifying the graphs iridológicas and her awareness of some of the alterations
that may occur in the iris, we proceed with the examination by the knowledgeable
This test allows to recognize and differentiate the signs present in each iris.Position
occupied by the signs corresponds to the organs of human body which have
While not indicate a disease Iridology shows, however, a way to correct the
problem, rather than suppress the symptoms, since the iris is the screen where everything is recorded
occurs in the body, with some exceptions, it also reveals drug stores, weaknesses
inherent and hereditary, and unhealthy habits.Knowing our weaknesses we
prevent future conditions.
When we attempt to examine the iris of patients, observe and apply the iridologist
– The patient will sit facing the light, in the case of examination in the light of day,
provide the necessary clarity and thoroughness appreciate the details, or lying down and
using as an additional instrument lamp.
– A high intensity of light would contract the pupil.
– Currently the test is done with electric light, allowing direct the spotlight
directly to the eye.
Once the iris well lit, with a hand lens or magnifying glass will proceed to a detailed
inspection, which may be longer or shorter time, and in which data are sought, while
observed, color, texture, age spots, gaps etc.
While notes iridologist iris, in order to find alteration, recorded in a log
graphic to post-study, check that type of sign and location features of this.
WHAT CAN REVEAL Iridology
• The body’s basic nutritional needs.
• The inherent strength or weakness of the organs, glands and tissues.
• The strength or weakness of the Constitution.
• The organs that are most in need of repair.
• The relative amount of toxic accumulation in organs, glands and tissues.
• The location of the inflammation in the body (seen by the whiteness of the fibers of the iris).
• The state of inflammation and tissue activity.
• The hypoactivity or sluggishness of the bowel.
• Conditions of spasm and distension of the bowel.
• The need for acidophilic bacteria in the gut.
• The prolapsed transverse colon.
• A problem or nervous type inflammation in the intestine.
• Areas of high-risk tissue that could be moving toward a disease.
• The pressure on the heart.(Any area that appears too white or too
Dark is an area of risk).
• The level of movement in the various organs.
• The strength and nervous exhaustion.
• Hyperactivity or hypoactivity of organs, glands and tissues.
• The influence of a body on another, or the contribution of body to a disease
any other body part.
• The congestion of the lymphatic system (appearance of the necklace or rosary that usually appears in these
cases in the 6th zone of the iris).
• The poor absorption of nutrients (see the pupillary margin of assimilation or ring)
• salt and water depletion or depletion in a tissue, gland or organ.
• The relative ability of an organ, gland or tissue to retain nutrients.
• The effects of stress or physical or mental strain on the body.
• The genetic pattern of innate weaknesses and its influence on other organs, glands and
• The effects of iatrogenic disease (caused by allopathic treatments).
• The preclinical stages of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and many other
• Miasms, chronic toxemia.
• The resilience and health status of the body.
• The accumulation of toxic material before the emergence of a disease.
• The genetic weaknesses that affect the organs.
• Signs of healing that indicate an increase in strength in an organ, gland or
• The potential of varicose veins in the legs.
• The positive and negative nutritional needs of the body.
• The sources of infection.
• The acidity of the body and the development of a cold.
• The removal of catarrh.
• The conditions of the tissues in any body part or the whole body at once.
• The potential senility.
• The effects of environmental pollution.
• Adrenal Exhaustion.
• Resistance to disease.
• The difference between a healing crisis and a disease crisis.
• Progress and effectiveness of a specific therapeutic program.
• The quality of the force (energy) nerve in the body (the indicators are: size and
contraction of the pupil).
• The body’s response to treatment.
• The overall health of the body.
WHAT YOU CAN NOT DISCLOSE Iridology
• The levels of blood pressure, sugar and other laboratory findings (revealing the
deficiency or excess, but not the exact number).
• Treatment or medication that a person is eating or taken in the past (about
years to be the simplest medications could find themselves more or less what kind of
drugs were used, now to be the most complex is very difficult
• Surgical procedures that a person has had (anesthesia inhibits the system
nervous and prevents reflected in the iris).
• The specific food a person eats or does not eat (notice the trend is
nutrition of the individual, but no food in particular).
• The time and cause an injury to the body (may reveal that there was any
injury, but not when).
• The correlation between the degree of tissue inflammation and diseases or symptoms
specific (does not diagnose disease but to assess the level of health or vitality of a
• Diseases by name.
• The sex of the subject analyzed.
• Hair loss and its causes.
• The number of organs in which a person was born.
• The teeth that cause problems.
• Pregnancy (pregnancy is a normal physiological condition of the woman, not a
abnormality or alteration of tissue).
• The need for surgical intervention.
• The presence of a tumor and its size.
• The existence of hemorrhage and its location.
• The difference between symptoms, products of the side effects of drugs and
actual disease symptoms (iridology does not differentiate between symptoms, acts on the
causes that enhance the disease).
• The presence of multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease or plague.
• If signs of healing indicate a rise in overall health.
• The presence of AIDS (iridology not see virus).
• The presence of gallstones or kidney.
• The blocking of a coronary artery.
Name:Laura Perez covers
From: Cuernavaca, Morelos.Age: 56 years.
Activity: Retired UAEM and now practices alternative medicine
What is Iridology?
Science is a charge of analysis of the iris based on alternative medicine, and can
prevent different diseases.
What interested you in iridology?
In itself, I care and alternative medicine each of the sciences and techniques that comprise it,
including the reading of the iris.
How did you learn to read the iris?
I took graduate courses and alternative medicine and then in it, it included the reading of
iris, and continue studying.
What is the purpose of making the reading of the iris?
Allow iridologist pathologies know past, present and future of the individual, which is
presenting or is at risk for and to act as it is a science based on the
Does some kind of ritual before starting the procedure?
Personally, I check if the patient is not stressed as it can influence the reading of the iris,
but what is, most iridologists only focus on the reading of the iris, regardless
stress. I check the stress in the language, a procedure performed to all my patients before
To whom does the reading of the iris?
A whole adult individual who believes in reading, and allow the procedure. And it is not
recommended for the child and not yet registered everything about the body in the iris.
What indications provided before and after the reading?
Just before the procedure, it is recommended that the patient does not take medicine because it does not
reading allows correct and that this relaxed, and after the procedure there is no
In what situations can not make a correct reading?
Only in the patent use of drugs, and if that is not relaxed.
Do you use substances or instruments for the study?
I personally use a few drops of ionized water, a magnifying glass, and when you need a lamp.
Do you think this study is known by the public?
If I have patients who come to me and believe in the medina alternative, but specifically
iridology topic if little known and therefore not credible for the population.
Do you think that reading prevents diseases?
Of course, iridology is a science-based prevention.
What is the first thing you notice when reading?
The pupil and the seven areas, eye color and then the iris based on the graph.
Does it affect eye color to personality?
No, does not matter.
¿Spoke eye color in the presence of disease?
No, only reading is more difficult in the iris blue and green.
What eye color is the predominant population in Morelos?
How long have you known about it?
For many years, but I estimate that in Mexico about 15 years ago as.
Any time, day or time to perform the procedure?
Otherwise, may be at any time, since in case of failure to perform reading in light of
day, use the lamp as an additional tool.
Do you know any other persons performing this procedure?
Yes, there are more people who are dedicated to alternative medicine.
How does the procedure?
A. – Lean the patient supine in the anatomical position, ie with arms at
sides and ask the patient to relax, gradually explaining the procedure.
2. – I ask the patient to stick out your tongue to observe and assess the degree of stress
(Iridologist mention that if you have stress, language shows a bluish with
3. – After observing the stress on the tongue, administer 13 drops of deionized water, to
relax the patient and start reading the iris (the patient lift the tongue and placed iridologist
droplets, having the patient rinse around the mouth, and move slowly).
4. – Wait a moment what effect do the drops and then starts reading the
iris. In man begins on the left and right side in women because it is the side
Begins by reading the pupil can be determined at the iris seven zones mentioned above.
Then look at the iris through the magnifying glass, checking any alteration it finds
corroborating with the graphs presented iridológicas before the affected area, and if necessary
uses a lamp.
Having already taken the test iris and diagnosed, the iridologist, prescription the patient some
medicinal plants as if this by presenting the pathology found, as there
be borne in mind that the study of the iris, determines pathologies past, present or
After reviewing the limited information on the subject, and have the idea of the procedure, we
realize that iridology is a term that requires study, so that this population
not only Morelos, Mexico but in practice created and used as a preventive method.
While one must consider not going to be easy that people accept and begin to believe
in this science, but something must be started and not only to convince the population that
patented drugs are the only ones that prevent or cure, but there are more alternatives
as is the reading of the iris, used as a method of prevention.
Through the displayed images, one can identify each step to be performed by the expert in the
issue and better understand what the reading of the iris.Given that the
procedure can be performed differently, depending on the technique of the practitioner.
Iridology is an interesting topic, which is part of alternative medicine as a method
prevention, not involving excessive costs and can be done quickly, making large
We know that iridology is a science that has no scientific basis to support what
diagnosed, and that many health workers see it as a pseudoscience or as
a secondary procedure.
But while it should be realized that this is not a new science, but has a large
history that allow us to determine that reading of the iris or the appreciation of the eyes has
remained for many years, but simply left in the story, and has not transcended
as a matter of public interest.We must also consider that if the population is not much
who knows the subject, if any, people who have allowed even the existence of iridology.
Es un tema que en lo personal resulto interesante, al poder intervenir directamente con el
profesional de la lectura y en dicho procedimiento. Solo espero y con la información presentada y
con la entrevista obtenida a un iridológo de años, haya quedado aclarado, y con ello puedan
seguir la difusión y entendimiento del tema y principalmente quede en el interés de otras
personas, para seguir investigando.
Historia de la iridología . Revista Ecovisiones , URL: http://www.ecovisiones.cl/ecosalud/nuevas_terapias/Iridologia-Indice.htm.
Iridología . Femall t (Fundación Europea de Medicinas Alternativas). URL: http://femalt.com/iridol_port.shtml.
Iridología . Todo terapias , URL: http://www.todoterapias.com/terapias.php?id=23&terapia=iridologa.
Estudio sobre iris . URL: http://www.escolessas.com/escolessas/laie/recerca/eso/projectes/0405/iridologia/iridiologia.pdf.
Nota: Ningún documento consultado contiene bibliografía, es por ello que se copilo información de las páginas antes mencionadas y
con información obtenida, mediante la entrevista.
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