The sign of the Cross of Andreas in the iris and Diabetes Mellitus: a longitudinal study.
The objective of this work was to compare the development of Diabetes Mellitus in individuals with and without the Andreas cross signal in the iris over a period of four years.
Prospective, descriptive study with a quantitative approach. 91 patients without the disease, with and without the signal in the iris, participated in this cohort study. The follow-up was carried out by means of registers in the files.
At the end of the investigation, 28.2% of the group with the cross signal of Andreas was diagnosed with Diabetes and 56.5% presented two or more episodes of glucose intolerance. In the group without the signal, 4.4% were diagnosed with the disease and 24.5% had two or more episodes of glucose intolerance. There was a statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of the development of the disease (p = 0.002) and glucose intolerance (p = 0.004).
The group with the cross of Andreas developed more intolerance to glucose and diabetes than the group without this signal in the iris.
La señal de la Cruz de Andreas en el iris y la Diabetes Mellitus: un estudio longitudinal. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2015, vol.49, n.4, pp.0626-0631. ISSN 0080-6234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000400013.
Download Full Abstract: 0080-6234-reeusp-49-04-0626
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